Updated day for the December webinar

We unfortunately had to again reschedule the webinar with Joakim Larsson, this time to December 15 (same time).

The two remaining webinars this year will be:

Nov 9, 14:00 UTC+2
Iruka Okeke – Genomic surveillance of human-invasive Salmonella in Nigeria
Miranda Wallace – Understanding and predicting resistance in Bacteroides fragilis group bacteria using clinical and modern genomics tools
[Register here]

Dec 15, 14:00 UTC+2
Joakim Larsson – TBA
[Register here]

Updated webinar times

We have two more EMBARK Webinars to go before the end of the year. For the second one with Joakim Larsson we have updated the date to December 14. Make a note in your calendars!

Nov 9, 14:00 UTC+2
Iruka Okeke – Genomic surveillance of human-invasive Salmonella in Nigeria
Miranda Wallace – Understanding and predicting resistance in Bacteroides fragilis group bacteria using clinical and modern genomics tools
[Register here]

Dec 14, 14:00 UTC+2
Joakim Larsson – TBA
[Register here]


prepared by Marcus Wenne

In September, the EMBARK team got together to:
1. discuss current and future AMR research efforts and
2. have fun!!

If you live in the Northern Hemisphere every day is becoming darker and colder when we are steadily approaching winter. It is therefore extra important to illuminate your mind with interesting research and get that warm feeling in your body when reading a well written and structured paper. This is hopefully the feeling you will get when reading our October AMR digest. It touches the topics of evolution, the release of new databases, biofilms, wastewater and so much more. If you are from the Southern Hemisphere, you are of course equally welcome to take part of this interesting collection of papers!

Predicting selection for antimicrobial resistance in UK wastewater and aquatic environments: Ciprofloxacin poses a significant risk – April Hayes – Environment International

Microbiome and resistome dynamics along a sewage-effluent-reservoir continuum underline the role of natural attenuation in effluent receiving reservoirs – Inês Leão, Leron Khalifa, Nicolas Gallois, Ivone Vaz-Moreira, Uli Klümper, Daniel Youdkes, Shaked Palmony, Lotan Dagai, Thomas U. Berendonk, Christophe Merlin, Célia M. Manaia, Eddie Cytryn – bioRxiv

New methods, tools or approaches
Evaluation of FEAST for metagenomics-based source tracking of antibiotic resistance genes – Jinping Chen – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Determination and quantification of microbial communities and antimicrobial resistance on food through host DNA-depleted metagenomics – Samuel J Bloomfield – Food Microbiology

Quantification of the mobility potential of antibiotic resistance genes through multiplexed ddPCR linkage analysis – Magali de la Cruz Barron, David Kneis, Alan Xavier Elena, Kenyum Bagra, Thomas U. Berendonk, Uli Klümper – bioRxiv

Metagenomic insights into taxonomic, functional diversity and inhibitors of microbial biofilms – Madangchanok Imchen – Microbiological Research

Biofilm antimicrobial susceptibility through an experimental evolutionary lens – Tom Coenye – Biofilms and Microbes

Databases & resources

*ResFinderFG v2.0: a database of antibiotic resistance genes obtained by functional metagenomics – Rémi Gschwind – bioRxiv
A bioinformatic analysis is not better than the database and tools you base it on. Here Rémi
Gschwind et al. describes a new and updated version of ResFinderFG, version 2.0. According
to the authors most genes in antibiotic resistance gene databases mostly originate from
culturable and pathogenic bacteria. ResfinderFG 2.0 is instead a database based on a
literature search on studies identifying resistance genes using functional metagenomics.
This means that there is a reduced bias in the ResFinderFG v.2.0 database towards
culturable pathogens.

Ab-AMR: A Comprehensive Repository of Acinetobacter baumannii to Understand the Molecular Landscape of Antimicrobial Resistance – Tina Sharma – bioRxiv

CARD 2023: expanded curation, support for machine learning, and resistome prediction at the Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database – Brian P Alcock – Nucleic Acids Research

*A curated data resource of 214K metagenomes for characterization of the global antimicrobial resistome – Hannah-Marie Martiny – PLOS BIOLOGY
Large scale metagenomic screenings of the worlds entire catalogue of metagenomic data
could potentially reveal interesting global and local patterns of antibiotic resistance.
Undertaking such a task is however way to computer intensive for most research groups to
undertake. Luckily, Hannah-Marie Martiny et al. have already undertaken this task. In this
paper they present a publicly available resource of antibiotic resistance gene abundance
based on 442 Tbp of sequencing reads from 214,095 metagenomic samples from the
European Nucleotide Archive.

Fig 4. Composition of reads assigned to ARGs from different resistance classes grouped by sampling origin.


Time for Some Group Therapy: Update on Identification, Antimicrobial Resistance, Taxonomy, and Clinical Significance of the Bacteroides fragilis Group – Sophonie Jean – Journal of Clinical Microbiology

Tackling AMR from a multidisciplinary perspective: a primer from education and psychology – Alicia Calvo‑Villamañán – International Microbiology

Machine learning in predicting antimicrobial resistance: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Rui Tang – International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

A bottom-up view of antimicrobial resistance transmission in developing countries – Odion O. Ikhimiukor – Nature Microbiology

Phage-Plasmids Spread Antibiotic Resistance Genes through Infection and Lysogenic Conversion – Eugen Pfeifer – mBio

New antibiotics
Small Molecule Antibiotics Inhibit Distinct Stages of Bacterial Outer Membrane Protein Assembly – Janine H Peterson – mBio

Ring-fused 2-pyridones effective against multidrug-resistant Gram-positive pathogens and synergistic with standard-of-care antibiotics – Taylor M Nye – PNAS

Clinical studies

Oropharyngeal and intestinal concentrations of opportunistic pathogens are independently associated with death of SARS‑CoV‑2 critically ill adults – Juliette Patrier, Khanh Villageois‑Tran, Piotr Szychowiak, Stéphane Ruckly, Rémi Gschwind, Paul‑Henri Wicky, Signara Gueye, Laurence Armand‑Lefevre, Mehdi Marzouk, Romain Sonneville, Lila Bouadma, Marie Petitjean, Fariza Lamara, Etienne de Montmollin, Jean‑Francois Timsit, Etienne Ruppé and The French COVID Cohort Study Group – Critical Care

Genomic characterisation of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Acinetobacter baumannii in two intensive care units in Hanoi, Viet Nam: a prospective observational cohort study – Leah W Roberts – Lancet Microbe

*The evolution of spectrum in antibiotics and bacteriocins – Jacob D Palmer and Kevin R
Foster – PNAS
An important weapon in microbial competition is the production of antibiotics. But when is
it preferential for a microbial population to produce wide or narrow spectrum antibiotics?
In this paper Jacob D Palmer and Kevin R Foster have used an evolutionary model approach
in an attempt to shed light on this question.

Antibiotics in the environment
Deciphering chloramphenicol biotransformation mechanisms and microbial interactions via integrated multi‑omics and cultivation‑dependent approaches – Jiayu Zhang, Xiaoyan Li, Uli Klümper, Huaxin Lei, Thomas U. Berendonk, Fangliang Guo, Ke Yu, Chao Yang & Bing Li – Microbiome

Antibiotic resistance mechanisms
L-Form Switching in Escherichia coli as a Common b-Lactam Resistance Mechanism – Aleksandra P Fabijan – Microbiology Spectrum

Antibiotic usage
Factors influencing usage of antimicrobial drugs among pastoralists in Kenya – Dennis N Makau – Tropical Animal Health and Production

Active antibiotic resistome in soils unraveled by single-cell isotope probing and targeted metagenomics – Hong-Zhe Li – PNAS

Anthropogenic impact
Leave No Trace? Ecological and anthropogenic determinants of antibiotic resistant bacteria in a recreational alpine environment – Laura C Scott – Environmental Research

Microbiology Lab Pod September 2022 Pod: Environmental Antibiotic Resistance – Johan Bengtsson-Palme lab

Vaccination as a strategy to combat antimicrobial resistance – Organised by the (CSA) DESIGN One Health AMR, together with MRC, BactiVac

EMBARK Fall Webinars 2022

Time again for a new round of EMBARK Webinars. This fall we will have four fantastic main speakers, together with a group of excellent junior speakers. Sign up for the webinars today!

Sep 14, 14:00 UTC+2
Jon HobmanAntimicrobial resistance in a UK dairy farm
Kenyum BagraInvasion dynamics of AMR bacteria into microbiomes under stress
[Register here]

Oct 5, 14:00 UTC+2
Stineke van HouteTowards the development of CRISPR-Cas based tools to remove AMR from microbial communities
Ruben Vazquez-UribeCRISPR-Cas antimicrobials: Resistance mechanisms
[Register here]

Nov 9, 14:00 UTC+2
Iruka OkekeGenomic surveillance of human-invasive Salmonella in Nigeria
Miranda WallaceUnderstanding and predicting resistance in Bacteroides fragilis group bacteria using clinical and modern genomics tools
[Register here]

Dec 14, 14:00 UTC+2
Joakim LarssonTBA
[Register here]

AMR JUNE, 2022

prepared by Víctor Hugo Jarquín-Díaz

For those in the northern hemisphere… Summer is here ⛱️! With it, the EMBARK team brings a refreshing AMR digest with many sunshiny papers. Put your 🕶️ on and swim deep into many works that we have compiled for you: AMR in soil, water, clinical or livestock settings, antibiotic resistance gene ecology and evolution and more … for those in the southern hemisphere, we also wish you a happy reading despite the cold winter ^^


*Addressing a future pandemic: how can non-biological complex drugs prepare us for antimicrobial resistance threats? – Blackman, L. D., Sutherland, T. D., De Barro, P. J., Thissen, H., & Locock, K. E. – Materials Horizons
Lewis D. Blackman et al. review the different ways in which bacteria develop resistance against antibiotics and alternative agents that could be employed. They focused on non-biological complex drugs (NBCDs) as the next generation antimicrobial agents. They outline the advancements in antimicrobial polymer materials, carbon nanomaterials, and inorganic nanomaterials and highlight the remaining challenges for their clinical translation.

*Environmental Dimensions of “One Health” to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance: Essential Research Needs – Jin, L., Pruden, A., Boehm, A. B., Alvarez, P. J., Raskin, L., Kohn, T., & Li, X. – Integrating Environmental Science & Technology
In this viewpoint article, Jin et al. critically address the lack of relevance and impact on health outcomes in environmental AMR research. They invite to “better define impactful contributions from the environmental dimension of AMR as part of a broader “One Health” vision” by implementing and developing models in line with an anthropocentric context of bacterial transfer within the interface between environment and humans. The authors promote multidisciplinary cross-national participation and coordination to establish analytical approaches to interpret ARG in the environment comprehensively. Approaches to identify responsible agents or conditions that select for AMR evolution and fit-for-purpose treatment technologies for mitigating high-risk ARGs and ARB at crucial sources.

*A bottom-up view of antimicrobial resistance transmission in developing countries – Ikhimiukor, O.O., Odih, E.E., Donado-Godoy, P. and Iruka N. Okeke – Nature Microbiology
This review from Odion O. Ikhimiukor et al. focuses on AMR transmission in low- and middle-income countries, emphasizing high-risk transmission points such as urban settings and food-animal handling. The authors describe the integration of top-down and bottom-up strategies as AMR-containment approaches. They suggest that technological innovations are required to control AMR in low- and middle-income settings.

Editorial: Antimicrobial resistance – da Silva Dantas, A. – Molecular Microbiology

Global burden of antimicrobial resistance: essential pieces of a global puzzle – Charani, E., McKee, M., Balasegaram, M., Mendelson, M., Singh, S., & Holmes, A. – The Lancet

Soil antimicrobial resistance

*Globally distributed mining-impacted environments are underexplored hotspots of multidrug resistance genes – Yi, X., Liang, J. L., Su, J. Q., Jia, P., Lu, J. L., Zheng, J. & Zhu, Y. G. – The ISME Journal
Yi et al. focused their work on giving further insight into antimicrobial resistance in mining-impacted environments. They suggest developing constant monitoring strategies as the mining sites represent an underexplored hotspot for multidrug resistance genes. Overall, they described around 54 high-quality ARG-carrying MAGs from the phylum Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidota, Firmicutes, Nitrospira, Planctomycetes and Thermoplasmatota and confirmed high mobility of ARGs, mainly trough transposons and plasmid.

Deciphering environmental resistome and mobilome risks on the stone monument: A reservoir of antimicrobial resistance genes – He, J., Zhang, N., Shen, X., Muhammad, A., & Shao, Y. – Science of The Total Environment

Plant cultivar determined bacterial community and potential risk of antibiotic resistance gene spread in the phyllosphere – Fan, X., Su, J., Zhou, S., An, X., & Li, H. – Journal of Environmental Sciences

β-lactamase genes transmission influenced by tetracycline, sulfonamide and β-lactams antibiotics contamination in the on-site farm soil – Qi, Z., Le, Z., Han, F., Qi, Y., & Liu, R. – Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety

Effect of pesticides on nitrification activity and its interaction with chemical fertilizer and manure in long-term paddy soils – Mukhles, M. B., Rahman, M. M., Rana, M. R., Huda, N., Ferdous, J., Rahman, F., & Biswas, S. K. – Chemosphere

Insights into microbial contamination in multi-type manure-amended soils: the profile of human bacterial pathogens, virulence factor genes and antibiotic resistance genes – Zhu, L., Lian, Y., Lin, D., Huang, D., Yao, Y., Ju, F., & Wang, M. – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Water environment and waste water treatment

Exploring the microbiome, antibiotic resistance genes, mobile genetic element, and potential resistant pathogens in municipal wastewater treatment plants in Brazil – Leroy-Freitas, D., Machado, E. C., Torres-Franco, A. F., Dias, M. F., Leal, C. D., & Araújo, J. C . – Science of The Total Environment

Genomic Analysis of Carbapenem-Resistant Comamonas in Water Matrices: Implications for Public Health and Wastewater Treatments – Hem, S., Wyrsch, E. R., Drigo, B., Baker, D. J., Charles, I. G., Donner, E., & Djordjevic, S. P. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Metagenomic assembly and binning analyses the prevalence and spread of antibiotic resistome in water and fish gut microbiomes along an environmental gradient – Guan, Y., Xue, X., Jia, J., Li, X., Xing, H., & Wang, Z. – Journal of Environmental Management

Wastewater plastisphere enhances antibiotic resistant elements, bacterial pathogens, and toxicological impacts in the environment – Junaid, M., Liu, S., Liao, H., Liu, X., Wu, Y., & Wang, J. – Science of The Total Environment

Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring of Water Environments: A Framework for Standardized Methods and Quality Control – Liguori, K., Keenum, I., Davis, B. C., Calarco, J., Milligan, E., Harwood, V. J., & Pruden, A. – Environmental Science & Technology

Air environment and airborne ARGs

A review of the emergence of antibiotic resistance in bioaerosols and its monitoring methods – Lee, G., & Yoo, K. – Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology

Effects of antibiotics consumption on the behavior of airborne antibiotic resistance genes in chicken farms – Song, L., Jiang, G., Wang, C., Ma, J., & Chen, H. – Journal of Hazardous Materials

Phages and antimicrobial resistance

Antibiotic Exposure Leads to Reduced Phage Susceptibility in Vancomycin Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) – McCallin, S., Menzi, C., Lassen, S., Daraspe, J., Oechslin, F., & Moreillon, P. – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Isolation of a lytic bacteriophage against extensively drug‐resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections and its dramatic effect in rat model of burn infection – Ghaznavi-Rad, E., Komijani, M., Moradabadi, A., Rezaei, M., & Shaykh-Baygloo, N. – Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis

Domestic animals, “Farm-to-fork” ARG transmission and wildlife

Multiresistant Enterobacteriaceae in yellow-legged gull chicks in their first weeks of life – Vittecoq, M., Brazier, L., Elguero, E., Bravo, I. G., Renaud, N., Manzano‐Marín, A., & Thomas, F. – Ecology and Evolution

Effect of antimicrobial administration on fecal microbiota of critically ill dogs: dynamics of antimicrobial resistance over time – Menard, J., Goggs, R., Mitchell, P., Yang, Y., Robbins, S., Franklin-Guild, R. J., & Goodman, L. B. – Animal Microbiome

Expressions of resistome is linked to the key functions and stability of active rumen microbiome – Ma, T., Zaheer, R., McAllister, T. A., Guo, W., Li, F., Tu, Y., & Guan, L. L. – Animal Microbiome

Role of Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Dissemination of Antimicrobial Resistance in Food Animal Production – Vinayamohan, P. G., Pellissery, A. J., & Venkitanarayanan, K. – Current Opinion in Food Science

High Throughput Screening of Antimicrobial Resistance Genes in Gram-Negative Seafood Bacteria – Delannoy, S., Hoffer, C., Youf, R., Dauvergne, E., Webb, H. E., Brauge, T., & Brisabois, A. – Microorganisms

Bacillus licheniformis–fermented products and enramycin differentially modulate microbiota and antibiotic resistome in the cecal digesta of broilers – Chen, Y. C., & Yu, Y. H. – Poultry Science

Metagenomic analysis of the gut microbiota in piglets either challenged or not with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli reveals beneficial effects of probiotics on microbiome composition, resistome, digestive function and oxidative stress responses – Apiwatsiri P, Pupa P, Sirichokchatchawan W, Sawaswong V, Nimsamer P, Payungporn S, et al. – PLoS ONE

Antibiotic resistance in clinical settings

Metagenomic DNA sequencing for semi-quantitative pathogen detection from urine: a prospective, laboratory-based, proof-of-concept study – Janes, V. A., Matamoros, S., Munk, P., Clausen, P. T., Koekkoek, S. M., Koster, L. A., & Schultsz, C. – The Lancet Microbe

A resistome roadmap: from the human body to pristine environments – Maestre-Carballa, L., Navarro-López, V., & Martinez-Garcia, M. – Frontiers in Microbiology

Antibiotic-resistant organisms establish reservoirs in new hospital built environments and are related to patient blood infection isolates – Sukhum, K. V., Newcomer, E. P., Cass, C., Wallace, M. A., Johnson, C., Fine, J., & Kwon, J. H. – Communications Medicine

Economic burden of antibiotic-not-susceptible isolates in uncomplicated urinary tract infection: Analysis of a US integrated delivery network database – Shafrin, J., Marijam, A., Joshi, A.V. – Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control

Fusion plasmid carrying the colistin resistance gene mcr of Escherichia coli isolated from healthy residents – Hoa, H. T. T., Higashi, A., Yamaguchi, T., Kawahara, R., Calvopina, M., Bastidas-Caldés, A., & Yamamoto, Y. – Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance

An Optogenetic Toolkit for Light-Inducible Antibiotic Resistance – Sheets, M. B., & Dunlop, M. J – bioRxiv

Attributable mortality of vancomycin resistance in ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecium bacteremia in Denmark and the Netherlands: A matched cohort study – Rottier, W. C., Pinholt, M., van der Bij, A. K., Arpi, M., Blank, S. N., Nabuurs-Franssen, M. H., & Danish Collaborative Bacteraemia Network (DACOBAN) – Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology

ARG ecology and evolution

GR13-type plasmids in Acinetobacter potentiate the accumulation and horizontal transfer of diverse accessory genes – Moran, R. A., Liu, H., Doughty, E. L., Hua, X., Cummins, E. A., Liveikis, T., McNally, A., Zhou, Z., van Schaik, W., Yu, Y. – Microbial Genomics

Exploring the Ecological Effects of Naturally Antibiotic-Insensitive Bifidobacteria in the Recovery of the Resilience of the Gut Microbiota during and after Antibiotic Treatment – Argentini, C., Mancabelli, L., Alessandri, G., Tarracchini, C., Barbetti, M., Carnevali, L., & Turroni, F. – Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Evolved resistance to a novel cationic peptide antibiotic requires high mutation supply – Santos-Lopez, A., Fritz, M. J., Lombardo, J. B., Burr, A. H., Heinrich, V. A., Marshall, C. W., & Cooper, V. S. – Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health

Localized pmrB hypermutation drives the evolution of colistin heteroresistance – Kapel, N., Caballero, J. D., & MacLean, R. C. – Cell Reports

Within-patient evolution of plasmid-mediated antimicrobial resistance – DelaFuente, J., Toribio-Celestino, L., Santos-Lopez, A., Leon-Sampedro, R., Alonso-del Valle, A. A., Costas, C., & San Millan, A. – bioRxiv

Effect of sulfamethazine on the horizontal transfer of plasmid-mediated antibiotic resistance genes and its mechanism of action – Yan, X., Liu, W., Wen, S., Wang, L., Zhu, L., Wang, J., & Wang, J. – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Phage-plasmids spread antibiotic resistance genes through infection and lysogenic conversion – Eugen Pfeifer, Remy Bonnin, Eduardo P. C. Rocha – bioRxiv


Datasets for benchmarking antimicrobial resistance genes in bacterial metagenomic and whole genome sequencing – Raphenya, A. R., Robertson, J., Jamin, C., de Oliveira Martins, L., Maguire, F., McArthur, A. G., & Hays, J. P. – Scientific Data

A genome-wide atlas of antibiotic susceptibility targets and pathways to tolerance – Leshchiner, D., Rosconi, F., Sundaresh, B., Rudmann, E., Ramirez, L. M. N., Nishimoto, A. T., & van Opijnen, T. – Nature Communications

Unraveling antimicrobial resistance using metabolomics – Kok, M., Maton, L., van der Peet, M., Hankemeier, T., & van Hasselt, J. C. – Drug Discovery Today


Join CIDRAP-ASP on June 21, 6:00 – 7:15 pm CDT for a webinar discussing the importance of effective, data-driven infection prevention strategies (IPC) and antibiotic stewardship (AS) initiatives. It has been shown that IPC and AS reduce drug-resistant infections and diminish the burden of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) within healthcare systems. More information here.

AMR Studio Podcast Ep 39: Vanessa Carter & patient advocacy. A stewardship game. Evolution of antibiotic tolerance – Uppsala Antibiotic Center